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Frequently Asked Questions


What is HS Code?

HS Code i.e. Harmonized System Code is a standard system in which all the products are categorized under different codes to identify the products internationally. In India 8 digit HS code is followed whereas in international market HS Code on 6 digit is followed.


What are the requirements to start a venture for International Trade ?

First of all, you need to have an IEC i.e., IMPORTER EXPORTER CODE. Any bonafide person/ company starting a venture for International trade require IEC. IEC forms a primary document for recognition by Govt. of India as an Exporter/ Importer.


What is a patent ?

A patent in an exclusive right granted by a country to the owner of an invention to make, use, manufacture and market the invention, provided the invention satisfies certain conditions stipulated in the law. Exclusivity of right implies that no one else can make, use, manufacture or market the invention without the consent of the patent holder. This right is available only for a limited period of time. However, the use or exploitation of a patent may be affected by other laws of the country which has awarded the patent. These laws may relate to health, safety, food, security etc. Further, existing patents in similar area may also come in the way. A patent in the law is a property right and hence, can be gifted, inherited, assigned, sold or licensed. As the right is conferred by the State, it can be revoked by the State under very special circumstances even if the patent has been sold or licensed or manufactured or marketed in the meantime. The patent right is territorial in nature and inventors/their assignees will have to file separate patent applications in countries of their interest, along with necessary fees, for obtaining patents in those countries.


What is the term of a patent in the Indian system ?

(a) Five years from the date of sealing of the patent or seven years from the date of the patent (i. e. the date of filing the complete specification), whichever period is shorter, for an invention claiming the method or process of manufacture of a substance, where the substance is intended or capable of being used as a drug, medicine or food. (b)Fourteen years from the date of patent in respect of any other patentable invention.


What does the term 'Geographical Indications (GI)' stand for ?

The term GI has been defined as "Geographical Indications", in relation to goods, means an indication which identifies such goods as agricultural goods, natural goods or manufactured goods as originating, or manufactured in the territory of a country, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristics of such goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin and in case where such goods are manufactured goods one of the activities of either the production or of processing or preparation of the goods concerned takes place in such territory, region or locality, as the case may be.


Who can apply for GI's registration ?

Any association of persons or producers or any organization or authority established by or under any law for the time being in force representing the interest of the producers of the concerned goods, who are desirous of registering geographical indication in relation to such goods shall apply in writing to the Registrar in such' form and in such manner and accompanied by such fees as may be prescribed for the registration of the geographical indication.


What is ATA Carnet ?

ATA Carnet is an International Uniform Customs document issued in 63 countries including India, which are parties to the Customs Convention on ATA Carnet. The ATA Carnet permits duty free temporary admission of goods into a member country without the need to raise customs bond, payment of duty and fulfillment of other customs formalities in one or a number of foreign countries. For business people the ATA Carnet provides a simple and speedy way to travel abroad with business materials. It saves both time and money and this is a very important factor in international competition. In India, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), is appointed as National Guaranteeing & Issuing Association for ATA Carnets.


What are the main categories of goods temporarily imported under cover of ATA Carnets ?

The main categories of goods temporarily imported under cover of ATA Carnets are the following: Antiques, machinery, machine-tools, catering equipment, canned food, footwear, toys, computers, office equipment, transformers, electric generators, electrical/electronic and scientific equipment, surgical and dental equipment, jewellery and articles of precious metal/stones, "hi-fi", audio-visual, photographic and filming equipment, lasers, musical instruments and records, display material, aircraft, films, motor vehicles and accessories, racing engine machinery, heating and lighting equipment, agricultural machinery, furniture, crockery, paintings and other works of art, umbrellas, race-horses, suitcases, perfume, theatrical effects and sets, concert and musical instruments, leather and sports goods, clothing, yachts and boats, display stands. The ATA Carnet service is available to business and sales executives, exhibitors at trade fairs and raveling professionals, such as film crews, architects, artists, engineers, entertainers, photographers, sports teams and many more. Large companies, small companies, individuals on the move - all can benefit. Sales representatives with valuable samples and people with professional equipment are the largest users. Virtually all goods can be included on a Carnet.


Which items are excluded from the ATA Carnet System ?

Perishable goods and items such as paint, cleaning materials, food, oils, leaflets and brochures, which are considered as "consumable items" and intended to be given away, disposed of, or utilized abroad, are excluded from the system as they would not ordinarily be re-exported.